Jun 22 2009

西递,宏村-世界文化遗产(游记摘选)

By Parker Hsu. I’m posting it here in case FB doesn’t work while I’m in China.

Let me get back to travelling literature again. I discussed a little bit about travel gudebooks and travel authors in the previous 2 articles. The center piece of traveling is that how much discovery/ inspiration you might get from the places you have visited.

Xidi,hongcung villages are the places I fell in love dearly and the sweet memory just kept coming back to my mind from time to time. Why dont I record nice things happened before and leave more room for future nice things?

The following is taken from someone else blog, which I am quite impressed by its clarity of writing and accuate description of village characters. So, again, I take the liberty to collect it into my library and also share it within fb community.

西递是黄山到宏村途中的一个村子,属于黄山山系的丘陵地带,被称为“桃花源里人家”。是一处以宗族血缘关系为纽带,胡姓聚族而居的古村落,西递曾经出了很多的名人,有文有官还有商,清朝有名的“公车上书”中千人签名中,西递就有三名。

西递村建筑布局整体呈船形,立在村头的“荆藩首相”石牌坊,象这条船上的是桅杆。这个石牌坊,是明河北荆藩首相胡文光为彰显自己的功绩而建,雕工精湛,是西递鼎盛时期的标志,当时,西递曾经有13座牌坊,用以表彰孝子和贞节。

西递的古建筑多建于明清两代,以砖木为主,雕梁画栋,雕刻精美。每家的客厅都挂有木雕对联,篆刻治家格言:“快乐每从辛苦得,便宜多自吃亏来”。“创业难守业难知难不难,读书好经商好效好便好”(像不像小平的名言:白猫黑猫,抓到耗子便是好猫?)….

(My interpretion is "读书好经商好效好便好,创业难守业难知难不难"

我们老祖宗五百年前就琢摩出 the concept of “efficiencyand stragetic planning” through trial and error….
The Chinese MBA program shall include a course named as “ancient Chinese business widsom” and I think some schools already have that course…)

西递的小巷,曲曲折折,如果没人带领,很快就会迷路,青石板铺成的小巷被雨水淋得越发的发青,让人想起了戴望舒的《雨巷》

撑着油纸伞,独自彷徨在悠长,悠长又寂寥的雨巷,
我希望逢着一个丁香一样地结着愁怨的姑娘。
她是有丁香一样的颜色,
丁香一样的芬芳…

而雨,让西递少了喧哗和烦躁,多了份宁静的小家碧玉。

对宏村,我一见钟情

而我第一眼见的,便是宏村南头的一片湖水,称为南湖,湖位于村前,为400年前人工挖掘而成。河边杨柳婀娜多姿,湖面鸭群戏水,村妇在湖边汲水洗衣。依湖而建的是南湖书院,共六间,也叫南湖六院。白墙黑瓦,和蓝天白云,一起倒影在南湖静谧的水中。村中还有一水塘,叫月沼,水面如镜,粉墙青瓦整齐有序分列四旁。胡氏的宗族祠堂便位于月沼旁,此处也是村民聚会的场所。

宏村的水不但清澈而且沉稳,是整个宏村的灵魂。宏村建筑整体仿牛型,南湖是牛肚,月沼是牛胃,而偎依石板路经久不息的流淌的清水就是流动的血液,连接南湖和月沼,整个水系统动中有静,静中有动,并与外部的河水连接。

宏村的水系统为几百年前人为修筑而成,至今还如同母亲一样,无声滋养着宏村.古徽居的讲究很多,为的是好的兆头。大堂上的瓶子和镜子和钟,合为终生平静,各式各样的雕刻,也多为吉祥如意的蝙蝠,百子嬉戏等等…..