Mar 25 2011

Wanzhu Yuan

The Ten-Thousand Bamboo Garden 万竹园 is located in Baotuquan park, consists of 186 houses and 13 courtyards of three big sections. It boasts four pavilions, five bridges, one flower garden and three of Jinan’s 72 famous fountains. By pools and streams stand halls, pavilions and kiosks. Courtyards are linked together by sheltered corridors. In the Flower Garden there are many stone carvings, woodcuts and brick carvings. Predicting such tales as Two Dragons Playing with a Pearl; Elephant, Lion, Tiger and Leopards; Pine, Bamboo, Plum Blossom and Orchid. Eight Immortals Crossing The Sea; Magpie Greeting Plum Blossom, as well as Sword, Sabre Spear and Halberd. They were elaborately executed and well preserved. Dotted with pools, rocks, bamboo groves lawn flowers and plants and hemmed by unique shaped rocks the Flower Garden presents many scenic spots.

The Ten-Thousand Bamboo Garden was built during the Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368). It was so named because of its large groves of bamboo and graceful environment. The garden once served as the residence of Wang Ping (王苹; 1661-1720) a famous poet of the Qing Dynasty. In 1912, one year after the Qing court was replaced by the Republic of China, Zhang Huaizhi, commander of the Fifth Military Region of the North Standing Army (later an army inspector and governor of Shandong Province) bought the garden. He hired skillful craftsmen and spent fifteen years from 1912 to 1927 enlarging the garden to the present size.

Structurally compact and artistically valuable, the Ten Thousand Bamboo Garden 万竹园 (Zhang’s Garden 张家花园) presents an ancient compound combining the architectural style of southern China courtyard with the flavor of quadrangular courtyard in northern China.

On August 4, 1985, the Jinan City Hall decided to have the 李苦禅 Li Kuchan Memorial Hall built in the Ten Thousand Bamboo Garden. Since it was officially opened to the public on June , 11, 1986 many domestic and foreign calligraphy and painting exhibitions have been held in the hall.