JiNan 72 famous springs

The most renown springs in Jinan are included in the list of the “seventy-two famous springs” (七十二名泉):

  1. Baotu Spring (Chinese: 趵突泉; pinyin: Bàotū Quán, also “Jet Spring” or “Spurting Spring”, west of the city center)
  2. Jinxian Spring (Chinese: 金线泉; pinyin: Jīnxiàn Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  3. Huanghua Spring (Chinese: 皇华泉; pinyin: Huánghuá Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  4. Liuxu Spring (Chinese: 柳絮泉; pinyin: Liŭxù Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  5. Woniu Spring (Chinese: 卧牛泉; pinyin: Wòniú Quán, literally “lying cattle spring”, in Baotu Spring Park)
  6. Shuyu Spring (Chinese: 漱玉泉; pinyin: Shùyù Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  7. Mapao Spring (Chinese: 马跑泉; pinyin: Mǎpáo Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  8. Wuyou Spring (Chinese: 无忧泉; pinyin: Wúyōu Quán, literally “carefree spring”, in Baotu Spring Park)
  9. Shiwan Spring (Chinese: 石湾泉; pinyin: Shíwān Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  10. Zhanlu Spring (Chinese: 湛露泉; pinyin: Zhànlù Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  11. Manjing Spring (Chinese: 满井泉; pinyin: Mǎnjǐng Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  12. Dengzhou Spring (Chinese: 登州泉; pinyin: Dēngzhōu Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  13. Dukang Spring (Chinese: 杜康泉; pinyin: Dùkāng Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  14. Wangshui Spring (Chinese: 望水泉; pinyin: Wàngshuǐ Quán, in Baotu Spring Park)
  15. Pearl Spring (Chinese: 珍珠泉; pinyin: Zhēnzhū Quán, namesake of a spring group, in the city center)
  16. Sanshui Spring (Chinese: 散水泉; pinyin: Sǎnshuǐ Quán, in Pearl Spring group)
  17. Brook Pavilion Spring (Chinese: 溪亭泉; pinyin: Xītíng Quán, in Pearl Spring group)
  18. Chu Spring (Chinese: 濋泉; pinyin: Chŭ Quán, in Pearl Spring group)
  19. Zhuoying Spring (Chinese: 濯缨泉; pinyin: Zhuóyīng Quán, also known as the Palace Pool, Chinese: 王府池子; pinyin: Wángfŭ Chízǐ)
  20. Jade Ring Spring (Chinese: 玉环泉; pinyin: Yùhuán Quán, on Shengfuqian Street, in the historical city center)
  21. Water Lily Spring (Chinese: 芙蓉泉; pinyin: Fúróng Quán, address: No. 69 Water Lily Street, Chinese: 芙蓉街; pinyin: Fúróng Jiē, in the historical city center)
  22. Shunjing Spring (Chinese: 舜井泉; pinyin: Shùnjǐng Quán, on Shunjing Street)
  23. Flying Dragon Spring (Chinese: 腾蛟泉; pinyin: Téngjiāo Quán, at northern end of Wangfu Chizi Road)
  24. Double Loyalty Spring (Chinese: 双忠泉; pinyin: Shuāngzhōng Quán, on Shuangzhongci Street)
  25. Black Tiger Spring (Chinese: 黑虎泉; pinyin: Hēi Hǔ Quán, on the south moat)
  26. Pipa Spring (Chinese: 琵琶泉; pinyin: Pípá Quán, next to the southern moat in Huancheng Park)
  27. Manao Spring (Chinese: 玛瑙泉; pinyin: Mǎnǎo Quán, south of Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  28. Hundred Rocks Spring (Chinese: 白石泉; pinyin: Báishí Quán, at the foot of Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  29. Nine Women Spring (Chinese: 九女泉; pinyin: Jiŭnǚ Quán, at the foot of the Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  30. Five Dragon Pool (Chinese: 五龙潭; pinyin: Wǔ Lóng Tán, namesake of a spring group, west of the city center)
  31. Gu Wen Spring (Chinese: 古温泉; pinyin: Gŭ Wēn Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  32. Xianqing Spring (Chinese: 贤清泉; pinyin: Xiánqīng Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  33. Tianjing Spring (Chinese: 天镜泉; pinyin: Tiānjìng Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  34. Yueya Spring (Chinese: 月牙泉; pinyin: Yuèyá Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  35. Ximizhi Spring (Chinese: 西蜜脂泉; pinyin: Xīmìzhī Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  36. Guanjiachi Spring (Chinese: 官家泉; pinyin: Guānjiā Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  37. Huima Spring (Chinese: 回马泉; pinyin: Huímǎ Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  38. Qiuxi Spring (Chinese: 虬溪泉; pinyin: Qiúxī Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  39. Jade Spring (Chinese: 玉泉; pinyin: Yù Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  40. Lian Spring (Chinese: 濂泉; pinyin: Lián Quán, in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  41. Hua Spring (Chinese: 华泉; pinyin: Huá Quán, on the foot of Hua Hill)
  42. Jiangshui Spring (Chinese: 浆水泉; pinyin: Jiāngshuǐ Quán, in Jiangshui Spring Village)
  43. Inkstone Spring (Chinese: 砚池泉; pinyin: Yànchí Quán, at the foot of Yanchi Mountain, Yaojia County)
  44. Ganlu Spring (Chinese: 甘露泉; pinyin: Gānlù Quán; literally: “Sweet Dew Spring”, on the site of the Kaiyuan Temple, Fohui Mountain)
  45. Linji Spring (Chinese: 林汲泉; pinyin: Línjí Quán, in the Dragon Cave area)
  46. Doumu Spring (Chinese: 斗母泉; pinyin: Dòumŭ Quán, in Doumuquan Village)
  47. Wuying Pool (Chinese: 无影潭; pinyin: Wúyǐng Tán, literally “Shadeless Pool”, Wuyingshan Road, Tianqiao District)
  48. Bai Spring (Chinese: 白泉; pinyin: Bái Quán, in Zhifang Village, Wangsheren County)
  49. Yong Spring (Chinese: 涌泉; pinyin: Yŏng Quán, in Liubu National Forest Park)
  50. Kuju Spring (Chinese: 苦苣泉; pinyin: Kŭjù Quán, in Yuanhong Valley, Liubu County)
  51. Summer Vacation Spring (Chinese: 避暑泉; pinyin: Bìshŭ Quán, in Yuanhong Valley, Liubu County)
  52. Tu Spring (Chinese: 突泉; pinyin: Tū Quán, in Tu Spring Village, Liubu County)
  53. Niyu Spring (Chinese: 泥淤泉; pinyin: Níyū Quán, in Niyu Spring Village, Liubu County)
  54. Great Spring (Chinese: 大泉; pinyin: Dà Quán, in Jinxiuchuan Village)
  55. Sacred Water Spring (Chinese: 圣水泉; pinyin: Shèngshuǐ Quán, in the Red Leaves Valley)
  56. Duanhua Spring (Chinese: 缎华泉; pinyin: Duànhuá Quán, in the “Jiuding Pagoda Park of Minority Customs”)
  57. Jade River Spring (Chinese: 玉河泉; pinyin: Yùhé Quán, formerly “Yuke Spring”, in Yuhequan Village, Licheng District)
  58. Baimai Spring (Chinese: 百脉泉; pinyin: Bǎi Mài Quán, namesake of a spring group, 36°43′1.73″N 117°31′57.96″E)
  59. East Mawan Spring (Chinese: 东麻湾泉; pinyin: Dōngmáwān Quán, in Baimai Springs Park)
  60. West Mawan Spring (Chinese: 西麻湾泉; pinyin: Xīmáwān Quán, on Huiquan Road, Zhangqiu City)
  61. Mo Spring (Chinese: 墨泉; pinyin: Mò Quán, in Baimai Springs Park)
  62. Plum Blossom Spring (Chinese: 梅花泉; pinyin: Méihuā Quán, in Baimai Springs Park)
  63. Jingming Spring (Chinese: 净明泉; pinyin: Jìngmíng Quán, also called Mingshui Spring, in Zhangqiu City)
  64. Cassock Spring (Chinese: 袈裟泉; pinyin: Jiāshā Quán, also called Dugu Spring, at the Lingyan Temple)
  65. Zhuoxi Spring (Chinese: 卓锡泉; pinyin: Zhuóxī Quán, at the Lingyan Temple)
  66. Qingling Spring (Chinese: 清泠泉; pinyin: Qīnglíng Quán, on Wufeng Mountain)
  67. Tanbao Spring (Chinese: 檀抱泉; pinyin: Tánbào Quán, at the Lingyan Temple)
  68. Xiaolu Spring (Chinese: 晓露泉; pinyin: Xiǎolù Quán, in Changqing District)
  69. Hongfan Pond (Chinese: 洪范池; pinyin: Hóng Fàn Chí, namesake of a spring group, in Pingyin County)
  70. Academy Spring (Chinese: 书院泉; pinyin: Shūyuàn Quán, also called “Dongliu Spring”, Hongfan Pond Village, Pingyin County)
  71. Hu Spring (Chinese: 扈泉; pinyin: Hù Quán, below th north cliff of Cuishan Mountain, Pingyin County)
  72. Livelihood Spring (Chinese: 日月泉; pinyin: Rìyuè Quán, on Yuncui Mountain, Pingyin County)

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